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  1. Larvae of the Australian sheep blowfly, Lucilia cuprina, parasitise sheep by feeding on skin excretions, dermal tissue and blood, causing severe damage known as flystrike or myiasis. Recent advances in -omic tech...

    Authors: Yair D. J. Prawer, Andreas J. Stroehlein, Neil D. Young, Shilpa Kapoor, Ross S. Hall, Razi Ghazali, Phillip Batterham, Robin B. Gasser, Trent Perry and Clare A. Anstead

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:598

    Content type: Research

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  2. Bovine ephemeral fever virus (Rhabdoviridae: Ephemerovirus) (BEFV) causes bovine ephemeral fever (BEF), an economically important disease of cattle and water buffalo. Outbreaks of BEF in Africa, Australia, Asia a...

    Authors: Jessica E. Stokes, Karin E. Darpel, Simon Gubbins, Simon Carpenter, María del Mar Fernández de Marco, Luis M. Hernández-Triana, Anthony R. Fooks, Nicholas Johnson and Christopher Sanders

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:597

    Content type: Research

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  3. West Nile virus (WNV) is a single-stranded RNA virus that can cause neurological disease in both humans and horses. Due to the movement of competent vectors and viraemic hosts, WNV has repeatedly emerged globa...

    Authors: Arran J. Folly, Elisabeth S. L. Waller, Fiona McCracken, Lorraine M. McElhinney, Helen Roberts and Nicholas Johnson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:596

    Content type: Short report

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  4. Blastocystis sp. is one of the most common enteric parasites of humans and animals worldwide. It is well recognized that this ubiquitous protist displays a remarkable degree of genetic diversity in the SSU rRNA g...

    Authors: Jenny G. Maloney, Aleksey Molokin and Monica Santin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:595

    Content type: Research

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  5. Vector control measures are critical for the prevention and reduction of dengue virus (DENV) transmission. Effective vector control is reliant not only on knowledge of mosquito abundance, but also on the timel...

    Authors: Jean Claude Balingit, Thaddeus M. Carvajal, Mariko Saito-Obata, Maribet Gamboa, Amalea Dulcene Nicolasora, Ava Kristy Sy, Hitoshi Oshitani and Kozo Watanabe

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:594

    Content type: Research

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  6. The two most abundant sand fly species on the Honduran Pacific coast are Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis and Pintomyia (Pifanomyia) evansi. Both species are known vectors of Leishmania (Leishmania) infantum, th...

    Authors: Wilfredo Sosa-Ochoa, Javier Varela Amador, Yokomi Lozano-Sardaneta, Gabriela Rodriguez Segura, Concepcion Zúniga Valeriano, Gabriela Venicia Araujo, Carmen María Sandoval Pacheco, Márcia Dalastra Laurenti and Fredy Galvis-Ovallos

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:593

    Content type: Short report

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  7. Acanthamoeba spp. are free-living amoeba that are ubiquitously distributed in the environment. This study examines pathogenic Acanthamoeba cysteine proteases (AcCPs) belonging to the cathepsin L-family and explor...

    Authors: Zhixin Wang, Duo Wu, Hiroshi Tachibana, Meng Feng and Xun-jia Cheng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:592

    Content type: Research

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  8. Existing diagnostic methods for the parasitic gastrointestinal nematode, Haemonchus contortus, are time consuming and require specialised expertise, limiting their utility in the field. A practical, on-farm diagn...

    Authors: Elise A. Kho, Jill N. Fernandes, Andrew C. Kotze, Glen P. Fox, Maggy T. Sikulu-Lord, Anne M. Beasley, Stephen S. Moore and Peter J. James

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:591

    Content type: Research

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  9. Cystic or alveolar echinococcosis caused by the larval stages of Echinococcus spp. is a very severe zoonotic helminth infection. Echinococcus shiquicus is a newly discovered species that has only been reported in...

    Authors: Guo-Qiang Zhu, Hong-Bin Yan, Li Li, John Asekhaen Ohiolei, Yan-Tao Wu, Wen-Hui Li, Nian-Zhang Zhang, Bao-Quan Fu and Wan-Zhong Jia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:590

    Content type: Research

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  10. Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite that is the causative agent of toxoplasmosis, an infection with high prevalence worldwide. Most of the infected individuals are either asymptomatic or have mild symptoms,...

    Authors: Márcia Attias, Dirceu E. Teixeira, Marlene Benchimol, Rossiane C. Vommaro, Paulo Henrique Crepaldi and Wanderley De Souza

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:588

    Content type: Review

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  11. Aedes albopictus, a vector of numerous viruses and filarial worms, has already established in 20 countries in Europe, mainly colonising subtropical regions. Continuing adaptation to climatic conditions in tempera...

    Authors: Lisa Tippelt, Doreen Werner and Helge Kampen

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:587

    Content type: Research

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  12. Dermanyssus gallinae, or poultry red mite (PRM), is an important ectoparasite in laying hen, having a significant effect on animal welfare and potentially causing economic loss. Testing novel control compounds ty...

    Authors: Francesca Nunn, Jessica Baganz, Kathryn Bartley, Sarah Hall, Stewart Burgess and Alasdair J. Nisbet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:585

    Content type: Short report

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  13. Morphological identification of adult females of described species of the genus Anopheles Meigen, 1818 in South America is problematic, but necessary due to their differing roles in the transmission of human mala...

    Authors: Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Ranulfo González Obando, Nancy Carrejo and Richard C. Wilkerson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:584

    Content type: Research

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  14. The worldwide genus Anopheles Meigen, 1918 is the only genus containing species evolved as vectors of human and simian malaria. Morbidity and mortality caused by Plasmodium Marchiafava & Celli, 1885 is tremendous...

    Authors: Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Ranulfo González Obando, Nancy Carrejo and Richard C. Wilkerson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:583

    Content type: Research

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  15. Accurate species identification of South American anophelines using morphological characters of the fourth-instar larva is problematic, because of the lack of up-to-date identification keys. In addition, taxon...

    Authors: Maria Anice Mureb Sallum, Ranulfo González Obando, Nancy Carrejo and Richard C. Wilkerson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:582

    Content type: Research

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  16. The main vector and reservoir host of Rickettsia felis, an emerging human pathogen causing flea-borne spotted fever, is the cat flea Ctenocephalides felis. While cats have not been found to be infected with the o...

    Authors: Md Monirul Hoque, Subarna Barua, Patrick John Kelly, Kelly Chenoweth, Bernhard Kaltenboeck and Chengming Wang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:581

    Content type: Research

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  17. The Schistosomiasis Consortium for Operational Research and Evaluation (SCORE) coordinated a five-year study implemented in several countries, including Niger, to provide an evidence-base for programmatic deci...

    Authors: Anna E. Phillips, Zilahatou Tohon, Neerav A. Dhanani, Boubacar Sofo, Issa Gnandou, Boubacar Sidikou, Adamou Garba Noma, Bassirou Madougou, Oumarou Alto, Hannatou Sebangou, Kader M. Halilou, Roumanatou Andia, Amadou Garba, Alan Fenwick and Amina A. Hamidou

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:557

    Content type: Research

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  18. The World Health Organization-recommended strategy for trachoma elimination as a public health problem is known by the acronym “SAFE”, where “F” stands for facial cleanliness to reduce transmission of ocular Chla...

    Authors: Emma M. Harding-Esch, Martin J. Holland, Jean-François Schémann, Mactar Sissoko, Boubacar Sarr, Robert M. R. Butcher, Sandra Molina-Gonzalez, Aura A. Andreasen, David C. W. Mabey and Robin L. Bailey

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:556

    Content type: Research

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  19. Schistosomiasis control programmes primarily use school-based surveys to identify areas for mass drug administration of preventive chemotherapy. However, as the spatial distribution of schistosomiasis can be h...

    Authors: Kimberly M Fornace, Claudio Fronterrè, Fiona M. Fleming, Hope Simpson, Honorat Zoure, Maria Rebollo, Pauline Mwinzi, Penelope Vounatsou and Rachel L. Pullan

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:555

    Content type: Research

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  20. Schistosomiasis remains an endemic parasitic disease causing much morbidity and, in some cases, mortality. The World Health Organization (WHO) has outlined strategies and goals to combat the burden of disease ...

    Authors: Klodeta Kura, Robert J. Hardwick, James E. Truscott, Jaspreet Toor, T. Deirdre Hollingsworth and Roy M. Anderson

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:554

    Content type: Research

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  21. Ethiopia is affected by human leishmaniasis caused by several Leishmania species and transmitted by a variety of sand fly vectors of the genus Phlebotomus. The sand fly fauna in Ethiopia is highly diverse and som...

    Authors: Myrthe Pareyn, Vit Dvorak, Petr Halada, Natalie Van Houtte, Nigatu Girma, Wim de Kesel, Behailu Merdekios, Fekadu Massebo, Herwig Leirs and Petr Volf

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:580

    Content type: Research

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  22. Wolbachia, obligate intracellular bacteria, infect the majority of arthropods, including many mosquito species of medical importance. Some Wolbachia strains interfere with the development of Plasmodium parasites ...

    Authors: Nongnat Tongkrajang, Pichet Ruenchit, Chatchai Tananchai, Theeraphap Chareonviriyaphap and Kasem Kulkeaw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:579

    Content type: Research

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  23. Enterocytozoon bieneusi is a zoonotic gastrointestinal pathogen and can infect both humans and animals. The coypu (Myocastor coypus) is a semi-aquatic rodent, in which few E. bieneusi infections have been reporte...

    Authors: Fuchang Yu, Yangwenna Cao, Haiyan Wang, Qiang Liu, Aiyun Zhao, Meng Qi and Longxian Zhang

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:578

    Content type: Research

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  24. Trypanosoma cruzi - the causative agent of Chagas disease - is known to circulate in commensal pests, but its occurrence in urban environments is not well understood. We addressed this deficit by determining the ...

    Authors: Bruno M. Ghersi, Anna C. Peterson, Nathaniel L. Gibson, Asha Dash, Ardem Elmayan, Hannah Schwartzenburg, Weihong Tu, Claudia Riegel, Claudia Herrera and Michael J. Blum

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:577

    Content type: Research

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  25. In Europe, ticks are responsible for the transmission of several pathogens of medical importance, including bacteria of the Borrelia burgdorferi (s.l.) complex, the agents of Lyme borreliosis. In France, the Auve...

    Authors: Laure Mathews-Martin, Manon Namèche, Gwenaël Vourc’h, Sabrina Gasser, Isabelle Lebert, Valérie Poux, Séverine Barry, Séverine Bord, Jeremy Jachacz, Karine Chalvet-Monfray, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Sophie Pamies, Diana Sepúlveda, Sandrine Chambon-Rouvier and Magalie René-Martellet

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:576

    Content type: Research

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  26. Recently Greay et al. (Parasit Vectors 11:197, 2018) described several new Apicomplexa parasites from domestic companion animals in Australia. Harris (Parasit Vectors 12;172, 2019) highlighted that these descr...

    Authors: D. James Harris

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:575

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  27. Anopheles sawadwongporni Rattanarithikul & Green, Anopheles maculatus Theobald and Anopheles pseudowillmori (Theobald) of the Anopheles maculatus group (Diptera: Culicidae) are recognized as potential malaria vec...

    Authors: Suchada Sumruayphol, Tanawat Chaiphongpachara, Yudthana Samung, Jiraporn Ruangsittichai, Liwang Cui, Daibin Zhong, Jetsumon Sattabongkot and Patchara Sriwichai

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:574

    Content type: Research

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  28. Sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) are medically important vectors of human and veterinary disease-causing agents. Among these, the genus Leishmania (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae), and phleboviruses are of utm...

    Authors: Vit Dvorak, Ozge Erisoz Kasap, Vladimir Ivovic, Ognyan Mikov, Jovana Stefanovska, Franjo Martinkovic, Jasmin Omeragic, Igor Pajovic, Devrim Baymak, Gizem Oguz, Kristyna Hlavackova, Marketa Gresova, Filiz Gunay, Slavica Vaselek, Nazli Ayhan, Tereza Lestinova…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:573

    Content type: Research

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  29. Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is a neglected tropical disease worldwide, especially the Middle East. Although previous works attempt to model the ZCL spread using various environmental factors, the in...

    Authors: Mohammad Tabasi, Ali Asghar Alesheikh, Aioub Sofizadeh, Bahram Saeidian, Biswajeet Pradhan and Abdullah AlAmri

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:572

    Content type: Research

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  30. Rattus spp. are frequently implicated as key reservoir hosts for leptospirosis, one of the most common, but neglected, bacterial zoonoses in the world. Although leptospirosis is predicted to be a significant publ...

    Authors: Mark Moseley, Kovashnee Naidoo, Armanda Bastos, Liezl Retief, John Frean, Sandra Telfer and Jennifer Rossouw

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:570

    Content type: Short report

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  31. La Crosse virus (LACV) (genus Orthobunyavirus, family Peribunyaviridae) is a mosquito-borne virus that causes pediatric encephalitis and accounts for 50–150 human cases annually in the USA. Human cases occur prim...

    Authors: Gillian Eastwood, John J. Shepard, Michael J. Misencik, Theodore G. Andreadis and Philip M. Armstrong

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:569

    Content type: Research

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  32. Cysticercosis caused by cysticercus tenuicollis is a metacestode infection that affects several species of ungulates. It is caused by the larval stage of Taenia hydatigena, an intestinal tapeworm in dogs and wild...

    Authors: Andrea Corda, Giorgia Dessì, Antonio Varcasia, Silvia Carta, Claudia Tamponi, Giampietro Sedda, Mauro Scala, Barbara Marchi, Francesco Salis, Antonio Scala and Maria Luisa Pinna Parpaglia

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:568

    Content type: Research

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  33. High coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are the cornerstones of vector control strategy in Senegal where insecticide resistance by the target vectors species ...

    Authors: El hadji Diouf, El hadji Amadou Niang, Badara Samb, Cheikh Tidiane Diagne, Mbaye Diouf, Abdoulaye Konaté, Ibrahima Dia, Ousmane Faye and Lassana Konaté

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:567

    Content type: Research

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  34. The Tibetan antelope Pantholops hodgsonii (Abel) (Artiodactyla: Bovidae) is an endangered species of mammal endemic to the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Parasites and parasitic diseases are considered to be important ...

    Authors: Yi-Fan Cao, Hui-Xia Chen, Yang Li, Dang-Wei Zhou, Shi-Long Chen and Liang Li

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:566

    Content type: Research

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  35. The winter tick (Dermacentor albipictus) has garnered significant attention throughout North America for its impact on wildlife health, and especially for moose (Alces alces), where high tick burdens may result i...

    Authors: Emily S. Chenery, N. Jane Harms, Nicholas E. Mandrak and Péter K. Molnár

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:565

    Content type: Short report

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  36. Toxoplasmic encephalitis (TE) is a leading cause of brain mass lesions (BML) in human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV)-infected patients. Yet, so far, no accurate diagnostic approach for TE has been developed. ...

    Authors: Bo Liang, Si-Yuan Yang, Jia-Min Chen, Ting-Yu Liang, Hong-Xin Zhao, Xing-Huan Ding, Fang Wang and En-Shan Feng

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:564

    Content type: Research

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  37. The ixodid tick Dermacentor marginatus is a vector of many pathogens wide spread in Eurasia. Studies of gene sequence on many tick species have greatly increased the information on tick protective antigen which m...

    Authors: Ercha Hu, Yuan Meng, Ying Ma, Ruiqi Song, Zhengxiang Hu, Min Li, Yunwei Hao, Xinli Fan, Liting Wei, Shilong Fan, Songqin Chen, Xuejie Zhai, Yongchang Li, Wei Zhang, Yang Zhang, Qingyong Guo…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:563

    Content type: Research

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  38. The emergence of insecticide resistance is a fast-paced example of the evolutionary process of natural selection. In this study, we investigated the molecular basis of resistance in the myiasis-causing fly Cochli...

    Authors: Sophie Tandonnet, Gisele Antoniazzi Cardoso, Pedro Mariano-Martins, Raquel Dietsche Monfardini, Vanessa A. S. Cunha, Renato Assis de Carvalho and Tatiana Teixeira Torres

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:562

    Content type: Research

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  39. European species of the large genus Phyllodistomum Braun, 1899 had historically been erected based solely on morphological characters. Unfortunately, many of them are still poorly known and inadequately described...

    Authors: Romualda Petkevičiūtė, Alexander E. Zhokhov, Virmantas Stunžėnas, Larisa G. Poddubnaya and Gražina Stanevičiūtė

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:561

    Content type: Research

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  40. Spirometra erinaceieuropaei is a diphylobothriid tapeworm with a complex life-cycle including definitive, intermediate and paratenic (transport) hosts. Multiple routes of parasite transmission often make it impos...

    Authors: Eliza Kondzior, Rafał Kowalczyk, Małgorzata Tokarska, Tomasz Borowik, Andrzej Zalewski and Marta Kołodziej-Sobocińska

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:560

    Content type: Research

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  41. Parasitic flatworms (Trematoda: Digenea) represent one of the most remarkable examples of drastic morphological diversity among the stages within a life cycle. Which genes are responsible for extreme differenc...

    Authors: Maksim A. Nesterenko, Viktor V. Starunov, Sergei V. Shchenkov, Anna R. Maslova, Sofia A. Denisova, Andrey I. Granovich, Andrey A. Dobrovolskij and Konstantin V. Khalturin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:559

    Content type: Research

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  42. Wolbachia bacteria are widely distributed throughout terrestrial arthropod species. These bacteria can manipulate reproduction and influence the vector competence of their hosts. Recently, Wolbachia have been int...

    Authors: Ryan Torres, Eunis Hernandez, Valeria Flores, Jose Luis Ramirez and Andrea L. Joyce

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:558

    Content type: Research

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  43. The Companion Vector-Borne Diseases (CVBD) World Forum is a working group of leading international experts who meet annually to evaluate current scientific findings and future trends concerning the distributio...

    Authors: Ian Wright, Frans Jongejan, Mary Marcondes, Andrew Peregrine, Gad Baneth, Patrick Bourdeau, Dwight D. Bowman, Edward B. Breitschwerdt, Gioia Capelli, Luís Cardoso, Filipe Dantas-Torres, Michael J. Day, Gerhard Dobler, Lluis Ferrer, Luigi Gradoni, Peter Irwin…

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:546

    Content type: Letter to the Editor

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  44. Trichuris trichiura (human whipworm) infects an estimated 477 million individuals worldwide. In addition to T. trichiura, other Trichuris species can cause an uncommon zoonosis and a number of human cases have be...

    Authors: Pedro Fernández-Soto, Carlos Fernández-Medina, Susana Cruz-Fernández, Beatriz Crego-Vicente, Begoña Febrer-Sendra, Juan García-Bernalt Diego, Óscar Gorgojo-Galindo, Julio López-Abán, Belén Vicente Santiago and Antonio Muro Álvarez

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:552

    Content type: Research

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  45. Pulmonary manifestations are regularly reported in both human and animal filariasis. In human filariasis, the main known lung manifestations are the tropical pulmonary eosinophilia syndrome. Its duration and s...

    Authors: Frédéric Fercoq, Estelle Remion, Nathaly Vallarino-Lhermitte, Joy Alonso, Lisy Raveendran, Colin Nixon, John Le Quesne, Leo M. Carlin and Coralie Martin

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:551

    Content type: Research

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  46. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is the primary vector for several diseases. Its control requires a better understanding of the mosquitoes’ live cycle, including the spatial dynamics. Several models address this issue....

    Authors: Monalisa R. Silva, Pedro H. G. Lugão and Grigori Chapiro

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:550

    Content type: Research

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  47. We assessed the impact of two sand fly insecticide interventions (insecticide spraying and insecticide-impregnated dog collars) on the peridomestic abundance and distribution of mosquitoes (Culicidae) and biti...

    Authors: Mikel A. González, Erin Dilger, María M. Ronderos, Gustavo R. Spinelli, Orin Courtenay and James G. C. Hamilton

    Citation: Parasites & Vectors 2020 13:549

    Content type: Research

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