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Table 1 Association of anaemia with socio-demographic characteristics and environment related factors among pregnant women in Gilgel Gibe hydropower dam area, southwest Ethiopia, August to September 2011

From: Anaemia and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Gilgel Gibe dam area, Southwest Ethiopia

Variable  n Anaemia  Χ2 P-value
     Anaemic Non Anaemic   
    N=209 (%)  N=179 (%)   
Place of residence Urban 192 87 (45.3%) 105 (54.7%) 11.19 0.001*
  Rural 196 122 (62.2%) 74 (37.8%)   
Age group 16-20 128 69 (53.9%) 59 (46.1%) 5.55 0.235
  21-25 115 62 (53.9%) 53 (46.1%)   
  26-30 110 54 (49.1%) 56 (50.9%)   
  31-35 27 17 (63%) 10 (37%)   
  36-40 8 7 (87.5%) 1 (12.5%)   
Occupation Housewife 191 86 (45%) 105 (55%) 19.10 0.001*
  Farmer 176 114 (45.3%) 62 (54.7%)   
  Daily labourer 4 0 (0%) 4 (100%)   
  Civil servant 13 7 (53.8%) 6 (46.2%)   
  Business man 4 2 (50%) 2 (50%)   
Parity Primigravida 125 66 (52.8%) 59 (47.2%) 0.08 0.772
  multigravida 263 143 (54.4%) 120 (45.6%)   
  Third trimester 143 90 (63%) 53 (37%)   
Water source Pipe 171 76 (44.5%) 95 (55.5%) 13.13 0.01*
  Protected well 74 41(55.4%) 33 (44.6%)   
  Unprotected Well 4 3 (75%) 1 (25%)   
  River/pond 53 32 (60.4%) 21 (39.6%)   
  Spring 86 57 (66.3%) 29 (33.7%)   
Human faeces as fertilizer Yes 32 25 (78.1%) 7 (21.9%) 8.26 0.004*
  No 356 184 (51.7%) 172 (48.3%)   
ITN utilization Yes 348 181 (52%) 167 (48%) 4.67 0.031*
  No 40 28 (70%) 12 (30%)   
Habit of walking bare foot Yes 273 158 (57.9%) 115 (40.1%) 5.95 0.010*
  No 115 51 (44.3%) 64 (55.7%)   
  1. * Significant at (p < 0.05).
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