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Table 4 Summary of WHO recommended control strategies and their status in Ethiopia, 2012

From: The burden of neglected tropical diseases in Ethiopia, and opportunities for integrated control and elimination

Disease National Target WHO recommended control strategy Status in Ethiopia
Soil Transmitted Helminthes (STH) (Hookworm, Ascariasis and Trichuriasis) To reduce morbidity due to STH to a level where it is no longer of public health significance. Annual mass treatment of school age children and whole communities in high-prevalence areas Deworming 2–5 year old children every six months nationwide
Schistosomiasis To reduce morbidity due to schistosomiasis to a level where it is no longer of public health significance. Annual mass treatment of school age children and whole communities in high-prevalence areas No active control program case management and MDA in few places
Lymphatic filariasis To eliminate LF as a public health problem by 2020 Annual MDA to treat the entire population for a (currently undefined) period, to interrupt transmission Annual MDA in identified endemic areas since 2009
Onchocerciasis To eliminate onchocerciasis as a public health problem by 2015 Vector control through spraying of larvicides and annual CDTI CDTI since 2000
Podoconiosis To control podoconiosis in Ethiopia Under development; includes community-based treatment of cases consisting of foot hygiene, use of shoes, wound care, etc. Community-based treatment of cases consisting of foot hygiene, use of shoes, wound care in few endemic places
Trachoma To eliminate blinding trachoma through SAFE strategy by 2020 Surgery, antibiotic therapy, facial cleanliness and environmental improvement (SAFE) strategy Surgery, antibiotic therapy, facial cleanliness and environmental improvement (SAFE) strategy
Human African trypanosomiasis Cases were not reported since 1984 Case detection and treatment. Vector control through spraying, traps and targets None
Leprosy Eliminated from Ethiopia Multidrug therapy Multidrug therapy, reduce disability, early case detection
Leishmaniasis To control leishmaniasis in Ethiopia Case detection and treatment and personal protection through use of mosquito nets Case management in endemic areas
Dracunculiasis Eradication of Guinea worm in Ethiopia with certification by the international commission by 2015 Active case detection and containment, provision of water supply, abate application and use of cloth and pipe filters Active case detection and containment, provision of safe water supply, abate application and use of cloth and pipe filters
Buruli ulcer No target Case detection, treatment and surgery Case management
Echinococcosis No target Case detection and treatment, regular deworming of dogs, providing health information and inspecting meat. Case management
Rabies No target Controlling rabies in both wild and domestic animals; providing pre-exposure immunization to humans at occupational risk of contracting the disease; and on delivering post-exposure prophylaxis to potentially exposed patients Post-exposure prophylaxis to potentially exposed patients.
Fascioliasis No target Preventive chemotherapy and case detection and treatment Case management
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