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Table 1 Summary of burden of neglected tropical disease in Ethiopia, 2012

From: The burden of neglected tropical diseases in Ethiopia, and opportunities for integrated control and elimination

Disease Geographical distribution Burden of disease in Ethiopia Proportion of SSA prevalence[10]
Hookworm infection Most of Ethiopia is suitable for transmission 11 million[10] 29%
Ascariasis Most of Ethiopia is suitable for transmission 26 million[10] 25%
Trichuriasis Most of Ethiopia is suitable for transmission 21 million[10] 24%
Schistosomiasis Most of Ethiopia is suitable for transmission 5.01 million[19], 37.5 million at risk 25%
Lymphatic filariasis Gambella (7), Beneshangul-Gumuz (13), SNNPR (9), Amhara (2) and Oromia (3) endemic districts.[20] 30 million at risk[10] 6%–9%
Onchocerciasis Amhara Region (North Gondar), Benishangul-Gumuz (Metekel Zone), Oromia (Jimma, Illubabor, Wellega, West Shoa), SNNPR (Kaffa, Sheka and Bench Maji Zone) and Gambella. 5 million cases and 12 million at risk[12] 5%
Podoconiosis One fifth of the surface of Ethiopia 1 million cases, 19.2 million at risk[21, 22]  
Trachoma Trachoma is found in all regions of Ethiopia. Six regions - Amhara, Oromia, SNNPR, Tigray, Somali and Gambella - bear high burden. Ethiopia 10.3 million active trachoma, 1.3 million TT cases,[23], > 65 million at risk 3%
Human African trypanosomiasis Historically Gambella and South Omo (SNNPR) No cases of HAT since 1984[24] <0.01%
Leprosy Leprosy has been reported from most part of the country except part of Afar and Somali region. 4,611 new cases per annum[25] <0.01%
Leishmaniasis VL is found in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Afar and SNNPR, whereas CL is prevalent in Tigray, Amhara, Addis Ababa, SNNPR, and Oromia. 4,000 new cases of VL per annum[26]20–50,000 cases of CL per annum[26] <0.01%
Dracunculiasis Gambella Region and historically South Omo (SNNPR) 8 cases in 2011[27] <0.01%
Buruli ulcer Two case reported from Arbaminch Zuria district (SNNPR) and Tigray regions 2 cases reported[28, 29] <0.01%
Echinococcosis Unknown 1817( 2.3/100,000) per annum[30] Unknown
Rabies Most part of the country 996-14694(12.6/million-18.6/100,000) per annum[31, 32] Unknown
Fascioliasis Unknown Unknown Unknown